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The Great Green Wall Initiative – INDIA by 2030

Climate change and desertification are some of the greatest challenges of our time. Back in 2007, the African Union launched the Great Green Wall initiative across 20 countries to restore degraded landscapes in Africa.

India is planning to do something similar to combat climate change and desertification.

According to NEWS: 

In the most recent of times, a report says that nearly 30 per cent of India is degraded or facing desertification. Of India’s total geographical area of 328.72 million hectares (MHA), 96.4 MHA is under desertification. In eight states—Rajasthan, Delhi, Goa, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Nagaland, Tripura and Himachal Pradesh—around 40 to 70 per cent of land has undergone desertification. More to it, 26 of 29 Indian states have reported an increase in the area undergoing desertification in the past 10 years.

According to a report by TOI, the Indian government is planning to create a 1400 km-long and 5 km wide green belt from Gujarat to Delhi-Haryana border.  

The idea which is still at a nascent stage, will involve planting a green belt which will stretch from Porbandar to Panipat. It will help in restoring degraded land along the Aravalli hill range across the states of Gujarat, Haryana and Delhi.


Photo by Ricky Esquivel from Pexels


Photo by FOX from Pexels

If approved, the project will play a significant role in dealing with the eastward spread of the Thar desert.

Talking to TOI, one of the officials associated with the project said:

The idea had been a part of the agenda of the recently held conference (COP14) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in India.”

The desertification and land degradation atlas released by the ISRO in 2016 revealed that more than 50% of land is degraded in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi.

Desertification is defined as “a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry land region becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.”

Loss of soil cover, mainly due to rainfall and surface runoff, is one of the biggest reasons for desertification. It is responsible for 10.98 per cent of desertification in the country. Water erosion is observed in both hot and cold desert areas, across various land covers and with varying levels of severity. The next big reason is wind erosion.

We need to foresee: 

Besides all these challenges the government has taken steps to subdue the further desertification by taking up the green belt project through.

The programme if implemented will help India achieve its goal of restoring around 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030.

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