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 India – China meet up at the border to pipe down!  


The Indian army of senior commanders between India-China military operations revisited the situations to the media and reposted the discussions on further steps. The heated situations that deliberately caught fire were all to fuel the provocations from the Chinese end.

Now, the tension has far less piped down between the two countries and have agreed to completely disengage their respective troops.


The provocation:

The heated accuses of China’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Lijian Zhao triggered Modi against the peace policy with the fellow neighbour, China. During the fight at the Galwan valley where India has been constructing roads, bridges and other facilities at LAC in Galwan Valley.

It started with violent physical clashes from the Chinese soldiers at the Himalayan border. Reports from the BBC claimed that brutal weaponaries were used in harming the soldiers who tried to defend the borders.


The peace agreement quo:

Given the potential for clashes, five major agreements were signed between India and China to ensure peace on the border.

* The first one on ‘Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the LAC’ was signed in 1993, which formed the basis for the subsequent agreements.

* In 1996, a follow-up agreement on ‘Confidence Building Measures’ along the LAC was inked, denouncing the use of force or engaging in hostile activities.

* In the 2005 Agreement, ‘standard operating procedures’ were laid down to obviate patrol clashes.

* The Agreement of 2012 set out a process for consultation and cooperation.

* The ‘Border Defence Cooperation Agreement’ was signed in 2013 as a sequel to the Depsang intrusion by the PLA. Its emphasis was on enhancing border cooperation and exercising maximum restraint in case of ‘face-to-face’ situations. Wherever there was a difference of perceptions in disputed areas termed as ‘grey zones’, both sides could patrol up to the perceived line, but were not to undertake any build-up.


De-escalation process:

Rajnath Singh, Ministry of Defence in India, explains about the de-escalation process getting complex and more time-consuming. With China’s PRC, the People’s Republic of China consistently trying to expand as a legitimate practise trying to force its neighbouring countries.

Process of de-escalation has many levels to decipher the process of war terms. The cycle entails escalation, contact, stalement de-escalation, resolution, peace-building & reconciliation.

The talks at multiple levels and ground action in various stages follow the de-escalation process. As in this case, there have been three rounds of talks at the Corps Commander level, simultaneous talks between Joint Secretaries, and at the level of Special Representatives.


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